Archive for January 24, 2012

The OSHA/NIOSH Guide to Nail Gun Safety

A Nail Gun is a common tool used by contractors and carpenters everyday at construction sites, especially in residential construction and every year, tens of thousands of painful injuries occur related to nail guns. The Assistant Secretary of Labor for OSHA, Dr. David Michaels said that nail gun injuries are responsible for approximately 37,000 emergency room visits annually.

In an effort to prevent nail gun injuries, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has developed a handbook for employers and self-employed contractors titled, “Nail Gun Safety – A Guide for Construction Contractors”.

Improving Nail Gun Safety in the Workplace
OSHA and NIOSH have developed six steps that employers can take to improve nail gun safety and prevent workers from injury or death.

  1. Use nail guns with a full sequential trigger – this type of trigger will reduce the risk of unintentional nail discharge and double fire, which includes bumping into co-workers.
  2. Provide adequate training – everyone benefits from training. Employers should provide hands on training, including operation, loading the nail gun, air compressor operation, awkward positions and what-to-do when the nail gun malfunctions.
  3. Establish work procedures – creating a step-by-step procedure for handling, operating and storing of nail guns will make the workplace safe and reduce employee injuries.
  4. Provide Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – workers should be provided and required to wear steel toe boots, a hard hat, high impact safety glasses with ANSI Z87.1 protection, and earplugs or earmuffs while operating a nail gun.
  5. Encourage employees to discuss the importance of nail gun safety – employees should be active in making sure fellow employees are following proper nail gun operating procedures.
  6. Provide adequate first aid supplies and immediate medical treatment immediately following nail gun injuries.

Nail Gun Don’ts

  • Never bypass or disable nail gun safety features, including removing the spring from the safety-contact tip, or securing the trigger so it does not need to be pressed.
  • Never keep your finger on the trigger when holding or carrying a nail gun that is not in use.
  • Never lower the nail gun from above or drag it by the air hose.
  • Never operate a nail gun with your non-dominate hand.

Click Here to download OSHA’s “Nail Gun Safety – A Guide for Construction Contractors” handbook.

LEAD Exposure and Protection Tips

Generally most people worry about Lead being in their homes, but for some, the workplace may have the greatest exposure risk. Today, Lead is used in many industries, including construction, mining and manufacturing. In these industries, workers are at risk of being exposed to lead by form of inhalation, ingesting or physical contact with Lead. Only high levels of Lead exposure in a short period of time is dangerous.

Breathing in Lead fumes or Lead dust – heating or soldering metal produces Lead fumes. Sanding paint or removing it with a heat gun produces Lead fumes. Both Lead fumes and dust are odorless so you may not know you are being exposed until it is too late.

Ingesting Lead dust – taking your lunch break and eating around areas where Lead is being processed or stored is not recommended. Lead dust can, and will, settle on food, water, clothes and other objects. Be wary about eating food without washing your hands after working around Lead. Sometimes Lead will leave a metallic taste in your mouth, though it is not always the case.

Contact with Lead dust – Studies have shown that Lead can be absorbed through the skin and touching your eyes, mouth or nose after handling Lead, can lead to exposure. Since Lead sticks to your hair and clothes, it is possible to transport it home and expose others.

Health Issues cause by Lead exposure
If you have been exposed to high levels of Lead in a short period of time, you might develop the following symptoms.

  • Abdominal pain, constipation, excessive tiredness, headaches, loss of appetite, memory loss, pain or tingling in the hands and feet, anemia, weakness, kidney, brain damage, heart disease, reduced fertility and even death.

Protection against Lead
If you have been working with or near Lead, chances are, you have been somewhat exposed to it. Follow these tips for protecting yourself against Lead poisoning.

  • Wear proper Personal Protective Clothing (PPE), such as coveralls, goggles, gloves and boots to prevent physical contact with Lead.
  • Wear a protective respirator when working around Lead dust and fumes.
  • Wash your hands with an effective Lead removal solution before touching your face or eating. (Note: washing hands with standard soap and water has proven NOT to be effective against removing Lead from your hands)
  • Eat/drink in areas where Lead-containing products are not being handled or stored.
  • Shower and change your clothes immediately after working with Lead-based products.

Throughout the years, Lead has be significantly reduced in products such as paints, ceramics, caulk, pipe solder and many others in an attempt to reduce health problems associated with Lead poisoning. If you think you have been exposed to high levels of Lead, consult your doctor immediately.